Urbanism in the 21st century.
Given the fact that most of the world's population now lives in cities, the importance and centrality of cities to solving global problems - such as poverty, inequality, global warming and pollution, intercultural schisms, women's and minorities' rights, aging and health - is rising. Cities are increasingly taking part in meeting these challenges through community organizations, interurban networks, and residents who are changing their cities for the better.
Urban density appears to be a primary component of urban and urbanization. The challenge of dichotomy is common to economic, environmental and social dimensions - quality, crowding can help the city's economic strength, reduce ecological footprint, and increase social mobility and equality. Equality The rise of inequality around the world is an acute problem, particularly evident in crowded urban spaces where the poor and the rich share the streets, the municipal services, and the public space. Therefore, inequality in the city translates into a prominent political and social problem. Intrinsic planning, which perceives the city as a system composed of a variety of areas (such as economic activity, infrastructure, design and architecture, legal relations, social norms, culture, art, environment and education) separates treatment in different areas. It is necessary to work on the connection between the various actors operating in the city - the municipality, the central government, the business sector, civil society and of course the residents - and the various professionals - architects, economists, municipal planners and transportation planners, community workers and educators - with a broad and long-term perspective. In order to implement integrative planning, the familiar paradigms of separation between uses should be dismantled. Work / residence / recreation / leisure / offices / public buildings are not surfaces painted in the colors of the Urban Planning Scheme. Instead, they are parts of the life cycle that are intertwined in countless different ways.
Placemaking is an approach that views open space as a meeting place for residents and an opportunity to build a community, urban resilience, and social capital. It does so by creating an inviting and fruitful space, such as a public square, park, beach or vegetable market. The creation of a place examines how different populations use the place for hours of the day and over a period of time. The space contains a variety of functions - such as a place to travel, to stay and rest in, to operate cultural activities in, through libraries and clubs for youth and adults, for performances, or for sports activities. As an experiential space, it is a source of joy, pride, enthusiasm, dissipation of solitude and enjoyment of the space. Creating an especially important place in the Israeli city, which is composed of a mosaic of populations - Jews and Arabs, religious and secular, various socioeconomic levels, diverse communities and communities. A location-oriented approach to the renewed Israeli city - to markets, commercial streets, squares, buildings that meet the varied and changing needs of individuals and communities creates an opportunity for the renewal and construction of an Israeli society.
The HYBRID BUILDING IS A SPECIMEN OF OPPORTUNITY WHICH HAS THE MIXED-USE GENE IN ITS CODE It turns against the combination of the usual programs and bases its whole raison d’etre on the unexpected mixing of functions. The hybrid is the consequence of a rant against tradition, as it sticks two fingers up at typology. It is an opportunist building which makes the most out of its multiple skills, a key player which revitalizes the urban scene and saves space. The hybrid scheme proposes cross-fertilization environments, where known genotypes are mixed and new genetic alliances are created. This way the personality of the hybrid emerges, as a celebration of complexity. Hybridization is associated with a certain form of grandeur, of gigantism, as mixing imposes grandeur. The hybrid surpasses the domains of architecture and settles into the urban scale. It is an artefact able to exercise centripetal force, a colossus counteracting the evil forces of dispersion. The intimacy of private life and the sociability of public life dwell within the hybrid and produce constant activity, making it a building working full-time. It is not a disciplinary prototype but a concentration of interests, based not on tradition but rather on the future and the survival of which hinges on consensus.
Hybrid Buildings today have the following potentials:
1.21st century cities as incubators
2. Public space formation
3. Programmatic juxtapositions
4. Living/working/recreating and cultural social condensers
5. Dynamics of section
6. Super green architecture
7. Freedom of new concepts
These are the works of my 3rd year students at the school of architecture at Ariel University:
Morya Shokron creating a multi cultural site the start from the underground
Omri Blender creating an “Urban Field” with a vertical Elements that gives a clear solution to the mixture the building contains.
Tomer Ohana constricted her project on the mix of the future residential population and the mix of Living and Touring.
Shlomi Reshef using Parametric software to make the right blend between the different situations and functions.
Nitzan Gleicher constructing her project on the gap between the identity of Bat-yam and Jaffa/Tel-Aviv.
Lea Rabilazorov constructed her building on the flow that rise up from the urban structure.
Zofia Abutbul creating a project for a surfer's community
Shaked Leon constructing a gate to the city of Bat-Yam full of expressed energy
Ahinoam Arad working on the tension between the city and the sea and between the public and the private life